Cause of hunger in Nigeria
The causes of hunger in Nigeria are not far-fetched. The complexity of the Nigerian polity is a web of intertwined complication which has further enhances the different problems plaguing the country which hunger is no exception. The pointers to causes of hunger in the country are explicitly relayed in the sub-headings below:
Povertyis the principal cause of hunger to many Nigerians. The causes of poverty include poor people's lack of resources, an extremely unequal income distribution in the country. In a survey conducted by FoodClique over 75% of Nigerians live on $1.25 a day or less for this reason, the number of people in extreme poverty has increased. An average Nigeria earns 18,000 per month to cover for housing, transportation, feeding, and utilities. The disparity between needs and the cost of offsetting them is a problem leaving much to be desired than acquired.
Harmful economic systems are the principal cause of poverty and hunger
The economic prosperity of a country plays a vital role in the development of her citizens. Countries with a good economic systems tends to flourish for this reason, we believe that the principal underlying cause of poverty and hunger is the ordinary operation of the economic and political systems in the world. Essentially, control over resources and income is based on political and economic power that typically ends up in the hands of a minority, who live well, while those at the bottom barely survive.
Pricing system and Rising Food Prices
The global food pricing system has not in any way favoured the Third World Nation like Nigeria, the effect of having the cost of agricultural machinery of the developed country being the same as that of developing nation without recourse to other prevalent economic factor is an issue. A pricing system which is unified at a different income level would not suffice for a level playing field. This has drastically affected the level of hunger as there are many people in the working class that still cannot afford the substantive daily meal. A system of price control that will enable cost of food to be pegged on prevalent economic indicator will suffice to reduce the scourge.
Underemployment, Not Just Unemployment Rural to urban migration has drastically increased the population of the people living in the city for this reason many employable Nigerians cannot get a job in the city. This inequality in geographical distribution of labour and income is a social menace that has made hunger problem more worsened. Stagnation in job creation and loss of existing ones continue to harass effort to rescue situation. Percentage of labour force is a far cry from available jobs this consequently leaves people in search for means of putting food on the table.
Amidst abundance, it is unfortunate that people still find it easy to complain of lack of food. The question of food produced that is in abundance; enough to go round is another perspective to the cause of hunger. The role of low income, joblessness, cost of food and economic system combines with the factor of food waste to exert more weight on hunger.
Food waste from agricultural products in Nigeria is very phenomenal; poor storage facilities, lack of mechanised farming techniques, and other lack of social amenities affects the food waste. The lack of redistribution culture makes food waste in companies and individual homes inevitable which should have salvage food waste situation.
Food waste has resulted in food shortage thereby making the few available expensive, bad transportation network has not helped situation either and the population has no hand in the price regulation and the vulnerable has no way to help themselves channel the wasted one to their advantage.
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